Meaning of Ancient Age
What is Ancient Age:
The Ancient Age is the period of history that spans from the appearance of first forms of writing until the fall of the Roman Empire .
The term is part of the periodization established in the seventeenth century by the German historian Christopher Celarius. Although this system of periodization is very controversial due to its Eurocentric approach, it is the one that is conventionally used.
The appearance of writing allowed for the first time the registration of social life through different documents, either in stone or paper (papyri) as laws and treaties (example: Hammurabi code), which allows a somewhat clearer approach to past events.
Periods of the Ancient Age
Ancient Near East
Includes the study of Mesopotamia and the civilizations that developed there: Sumer, Akkad, Babylon and Assyria. It also includes the study of ancient Persia, Anatolia and Armenia, ancient Mediterranean Levant, Syria, Jordan, ancient Arabia and Egypt.
Understands the conformation of Greek and Roman civilizations from the first Olympiad or the foundation of Rome (8th century BC) until the splendor of the Roman Empire (2nd century AD)
This period begins with the crisis of the Roman Empire that took place in the third century. However, with respect to its completion, the authors are divided. Some place the end of the Late Age at the end of the Empire in the fifth century, while others place it in the eighth century, period of the arrival of Charlemagne to power and Islam to the Iberian Peninsula.
Characteristics of the Ancient Age
The different civilizations studied during this period share a series of common characteristics, although they differ profoundly in other elements.
the common characteristics we can mention:
- Development of writing systems (cuneiform writing, pictograms, hieroglyphics, Phoenician, Greek and Roman alphabets);
- Beginning of urban life;
- Conformation of political power;
- Apparition of organized religions around the temple and the priesthood;
- Social stratification;
- Tenure of slaves and
 12] Payment of taxes