Meaning of Cognition
What is Cognition:
Cognition is defined as the action and effect of knowing . The word comes from Latin cognitio which in turn is composed of particles with which means ‘together’ or ‘all’, and gnōscō or ] gnōscere, which means ‘to know’ or ‘to have a notion’.
Thus, cognition is a faculty of the living being that allows it to record and interpret the information it receives through experience, perception and subjectivity.
The process of cognition involves the use of mental abilities such as attention, memory, feelings, reasoning, the ability to solve problems, decision making and, finally, the learning.
The use of the term cognition is very recurrent in disciplines such as psychology, neurology, sociology, philosophy, anthropology and information sciences. The latter implies that today theorizes about the possibility of carrying cognitive processes by non-human entities.
Cognition according to psychology
For psychology, cognition is a complex process in which they are fulfilled different stages:
- Perception : it is related to the uptake of external and internal stimuli through the senses.
- Attention : process in which the entity focuses its mental abilities on the information it is receiving.
- Learning and memory : the first involves the acquisition of new knowledge or the modification and extension of previous knowledge, while the second assumes the ability to store, encode and retrieve that information.
- The language : be it oral, written or gestural, allows the communication of knowledge acquired
- Emotion : its processes are similar to “rational” cognition.
- Reasoning and problem solving : e l reasoning allows evaluating the information obtained and facilitates the identification of solutions.
- Metacognition : referred to the awareness that the subject develops about their own learning.