Meaning of Creationism
What is Creationism:
Creationism can refer to a religious theory that holds that the creation of the universe is the work of divinity .
On the other hand, as creationism is also known, in literature, a avant-garde poetic movement by the Chilean writer Vicente Huidobro who maintains that the poet, in his work of creation with the word, is similar to a god.
The word creationism is formed from the word creation which refers to the ‘act of creating’, and the suffix – ism which indicates ‘doctrine or system’.
Creationism, also known as creationist theory, is a religious doctrine according to which the universe has been created from an act of will The concrete and the divinity . This belief can be sustained in different religions.
In the Western world, creationism has its foundations in the stories of creation contained in the book of Genesis, according to which God would have created the world in six days.
Classical creationism denies the theories about the common origin of species (theory of evolution), as well as the geological age of the Earth (geological history), the origin of the universe and the conformation of the solar system. Therefore, it does not accept any of the scientific evidence accumulated in the story. From this derive different trends of creationism: young earth creationism, scientific creationism and intelligent design theory.
Young earth creationism
Emphasizes the idea that the earth has been created in the period established in the book of Genesis, which corresponds to a process no greater than 10 thousand years.
This type of creationism seeks scientific basis to verify the veracity of the biblical stories about creation. Thus, it investigates and uses resources of science to validate preconceived ideas, which forces us to discard all contrary evidence. Their efforts are considered by the science guild as pseudoscientific.
Intelligent design theory
Intelligent design is a counterproposal against the theory of the evolution of species. For its formulators, God articulated from the beginning an intelligent design, which denies the adaptation of species as well as natural selection.
Theory of theistic evolution
There is a type of creationism that proposes more flexible formulations, characterized by reconciling the principle of divine creation with the scientific theories of evolution and biology.
For these currents, the theory of evolution is accepted since it does not deny the divine participation in creation. Those who follow this tendency do not believe in the events recounted in Genesis more than as symbols, but they do accept its founding principle: God is the author of life.
Its representatives are usually called evolutionary creationists or creationists of the ancient Earth.
See also Evolution.
Creationism vs. science
Creationism was a dominant belief during the era of ecclesiastical hegemony in the Western world, which spanned the fourth century AD. until the Modern Age. It is based on the literal acceptance of the Genesis account.
The scientific findings of the 15th and 16th centuries that contradicted the book of Genesis caused so much fear that a persecution against scientists was unleashed. The discovery of the roundness of the Earth, the heliocentric theory of Copernicus and the description of the elliptical orbits of the planets (Kepler) were the most striking findings.
In the 19th century, the British Charles Darwin proposed the theory of the evolution of the species. From scientific bases, Darwin established three fundamental elements:
- That the known species were the result of a biological evolution (or offspring with modifications).
- That all species have a common ancestor.
- That there is a principle of natural selection, according to which only the fittest survive.
For religion, it was one more thrust that would significantly affect the irrefutable character of the Sacred Book.
Over the years, without good the Catholic Church has accepted the validity of the theory of evolution, the creationism continues to be embraced by the most talkative sectors of Christianity (in its different denominations).
Creationism in literature
In literature, a vanguard poetic movement originated in the first half of the second century is called creationism. or XX and conceptualized by the Chilean writer Vicente Huidobro. It is considered as an Ibero-American movement.
The movement postulates that the poet is a creative god and that the words in poetry are not meant to mean but to be beautiful. In this perspective, any claim to represent reality under the principle of verisimilitude denies the principle of authentic creation.
Therefore, it is common in this movement the use of new words, typographical and visual games with words in the plane (like the calligrams), the use of words from different languages and creative freedom.