What is Platelet:
Platelets are fragments of blood cells, whose purpose is to form clots in the blood for close wounds and prevent bleeding .
Platelets are produced continuously by the marrow and have a life of eight days in the bloodstream.
Function of platelets
From the point of view of their function, platelets respond to the principle of platelet activation . This process is what initiates when an injury occurs.
Platelets are designed to intelligently identify lesions, target the area of risk and form clots immediately to close the wound.
There is talk of thrombocytopenia when the platelets are insufficient, which can produce the risk of bleeding to different degrees. Thrombocytopenia may be caused by dengue hemorrhagic fever, aplastic anemia, leukemia, cirrhosis, folate deficiency or vitamin B12 deficiency.
Instead, there is talk of thrombocytosis in the case that the platelets are more than necessary, which favors the risk of blood clots that generate blockages. Among the causes for the increase of platelets in the blood can be counted: thrombosis, kidney disorders, viral and bacterial infections, tumors, among others.
But it is also important to take into account that the intake of certain medications or foods can increase or decrease blood platelets.
In the case of medications, non-steroidal analgesics, aspirin, vitamin E, and omega 3 are responsible for the decrease in platelets. Therefore, they are not recommended for people who are going to face surgical procedures in close periods or people who suffer from a temporary or permanent health condition that lowers their levels.